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Ten tips for a safer, healthier workplace

Here we are again, shaking our collective heads the latest harassment headlines. How did this happen? How did we get here? How long are these stories going to continue to surface?

But the question we should be asking is: what can we do about it? Here are a few common sense curatives for the pandemic of predators in the workplace.

Don’t go it alone. Vice President Mike Pence was widely mocked and ridiculed after disclosing that he doesn’t dine alone with other women. But there is safety in numbers, and the mere presence of others reminds us to behave better. Keep private interactions semi-public, and you’re far less likely to end up in compromising positions.

No flirting. Sure, it’s fun. Like a little kid whisking his finger through a flame, we love to skirt the edges of propriety with winks, raised eyebrows and ambiguously provocative remarks. But it’s a short step onto a very slippery slope, and a little sensual sparring can quickly spiral from cute and clever to distasteful and dangerous.

Watch your tongue. HBO and Showtime have made the worst kind of language positively pedestrian. But there used to be seven words you couldn’t hear on television for good reason. Refinement of language reinforces refined behavior, and the more acceptable foul vocabulary becomes, the more likely we are to cross the boundaries of suggestive, harassing and bullying speech as well.

Look professional. The way we dress sends a signal about how we expect to be treated. The more casual the attire, the looser the standards. This applies to both productivity and personal interaction. A professional-looking workplace promotes professional behavior in every area.

Keep your hands to yourself. Aside from a formal handshake, touching has little place in any professional setting. Some people don’t like being touched but are reluctant to say so. And unwanted or inappropriate contact is just another way of violating boundaries. Do you want people to think of you as “creepy”? Did you just find yourself thinking about Joe Biden?

Don’t turn a blind eye. It’s easy to convince ourselves that a remark or action really meant nothing. We don’t want to look petty, and we don’t want to make something big out of something small. But if a colleague acts in a way that offends you, take that person to one side and politely say you didn’t appreciate it and please not to act that way again.

Have each other’s backs. It’s no different when we witness or learn of misbehavior toward others. It’s hard to stand up for ourselves, especially when we aren’t sure if we can count on those around us to come to our defense. Letting others know that you’re there for them when they need you empowers everyone and creates a bulwark against predatory behavior.

Document. You can let a single, minor incident roll off your shoulders. But if it’s egregious, or if a pattern of behavior begins to emerge, make sure to keep a detailed record in real time, in the form of personal emails, a personal diary and, if necessary, complaints to superiors.

Don’t over-react. As diligent as we have to be, we also have to be careful not to go overboard. In our politically correct society, too many people are eager to find misconduct everywhere, whether it’s racial, sexual, or ideological. Occasionally, we all have poor judgment, and putting an offender on alert quietly and privately is probably enough for most first-offenses. Hitting the nuclear button at the slightest whiff of innuendo may end up being more harmful then helpful to a collaborative culture. If we’re all walking on eggshells, none of us is going to get very far.

Don’t believe it can’t happen to you. The headlines and history are littered with stories of people who never thought they could become victims or never imagined they would become oppressors – not to mention never believing they could be called out or brought down. When we think it can’t happen to us, the chances rocket upward that it will happen to us.

King Solomon teaches that wisdom walks in the ways of integrity and follows the paths of justice.  We can save ourselves from much folly by acknowledging the pitfalls that lie before us and disciplining ourselves to avoid them.

The first step is to recognize that all of us are capable of committing acts of gross impropriety, and that any of us can be tripped by the temptations of ego and opportunism if we let down our guard.  Only when we hold ourselves to the highest standards of ethical conduct do we have the right to expect as much from others.

Published by Jewish World Review

The One Best Way to Win

Hindsight is 20/20, and Monday morning quarterbacks are never wrong.  But back when democrats and republicans agreed that Hillary Clinton’s election was a foregone conclusion, the few voices predicting Trumpian triumph were drowned out in a chorus of Clintonian inevitability.

Of course everything looked different on the first Wednesday in November, and it came as no surprise that as soon as the shock wore off pundits began reverse engineering the former first lady’s defeat .

It’s a bit embarrassing how, a year after the election, Mrs. Clinton is still casting about to blame others for her cataclysmic upset. Perhaps she should read, “Shattered,”  in which Jonathan Allen and Amie Parnes attribute Mrs. Clinton’s undoing primarily on what was obvious to everyone from beginning to end —

Click here to read the rest.

He Gave Peace a Chance

After a 34-year run, Gerry Adams is stepping down as leader of the Irish nationalist party Sinn Fein.  In a world ablaze with seemingly intractable political conflagrations, his story offers a whisper of hope that even the fiercest fires of discord can eventually be subdued by the waters of peace.

I witnessed a small part of the Irish conflict myself when I visited the emerald island in the summer of 1984.  It was the midst of “the Troubles,” and central Belfast exuded all the charm of a city under martial law.  Policemen on patrol wore flak jackets.  An armored personnel carrier idled at a major intersection waiting for the signal to change.  Blown out shells of buildings sprouted weeds, and street signs shouted, DO NOT LEAVE CAR UNATTENDED.

“Which are the bad parts of town, the ones I should avoid?” I asked the owner of the bed-and-breakfast where I passed my first night in the capital city.

She dutifully pointed out the Shankill neighborhood on my map and cautioned me to steer clear of it.  I thanked her and, with sophomoric self-confidence, proceeded there directly.  As I worked my way into the district, I discovered disturbing signs of contention:  school yards surrounded by 20-foot fences topped by razor-wire, churches pocked with scars from automatic-rifle fire, and the uneasy quiet of a battlefield waiting for the next barrage.

From what I learned about the conflict, it seemed that each side had sufficient justification to ensure that the violence would continue on and on without end.

900 YEARS OF DARKNESS

As early as 1171, English barons began seizing Irish lands for themselves.  In 1541, Henry VIII of England declared himself King of Ireland, adding a poisonous strain of religious acrimony between Irish Catholics and British Anglicans.

By 1703, 90% of Irish land was owned by English lords, who enriched themselves while Irish peasants endured bitter poverty and, during the potato famine of 1845, starvation.  Only in 1948, after generations of unrest, did the birth of the Irish Republic restore most of Ireland to the Irish.

However, the six northernmost counties voted to remain part of Great Britain.  The majority of residents were the descendants of English lords, but they saw no reason to be stripped of their national identity because of the sins of their fathers.  Meanwhile, the long-suffering Catholic minority seethed at having been denied the liberation of their countrymen to the south.

In 1968, a series of protest marches led to riots and the first use of guerrilla tactics by the Irish Republican Army.  If they could not win freedom for Ireland through elections and negotiation, they would win it through terror.

Over the next three decades, 3,600 people lost their lives in violent clashes and bloody attacks, many of them orchestrated by Sinn Fein, the political wing of the IRA.  And from 1983 forward, the face of Sinn Fein was Gerry Adams.

A TIME TO HEAL

Reviled by British leaders as either a terrorist front man or enabler, Mr. Adams struggled to navigate the treacherous straits between hardliners and advocates of negotiation.  Some accused him of collaboration in murder, others of selling out his own people.

Whatever his faults or crimes, in 1998 Gerry Adams helped push through the Good Friday agreement, brokering the compromise that ended centuries of strife.

The greatest impediment to peace is often the will to make peace.  Like it or not, we have to share our world with others who see the world differently, who have their own desires and dreams, who believe themselves justified in demands that contradict that strike us as anathema.  As mutual hostility escalates, resolution seems increasingly impossible.

King Solomon warns:  Do not say, “I will do to him as he has done to me and return upon others according to their own actions.”

When we demand what we believe we deserve, the frequent outcome is that we secure none of our demands.  By giving up more than we want, we may end up with more than we ever believed we could get.

Once we recognize the advantage of peace over personal agenda, then the impossible becomes possible, and the ideal of peace has a chance to become reality.

Published in Jewish World Review

Why Ethics Matter: Part 2 — Peruvian Beauties

Beauty contests aren’t PC anymore, but this year’s Miss Peru pageant was truly a thing of beauty.

Instead of headlines filled with accusations of sex scandals and kneejerk denials, as well as unfocused protests turning violent, contest contestants in Peru found a way to elevate an exercise in objectification into a show of civic responsibility, ethical accountability, and social conscience.

What does it say when beauty queens have more moral authority than politicians? Their initiative and resolution should be an inspiration to all of us.

Click to watch my 2-minute video.  And please subscribe to my channel by clicking here. Thanks!

 

The Aftermath of Abuse

Feeding frenzy might be the best caption for our scandal-ridden headlines.  Paradoxically, the designation fasting frenzy would be equally suitable.

Let me explain.

In recent weeks and months, reports of sexual misconduct have propagated faster than entries on a nine-year-old’s birthday wish list. Roger Ailes, Bill O’Reilly, Steven Seagal and, of course, Harvey Weinstein are just a few of the 33 alleged predators listed in a recent L.A. Times article.  Since then, accusations have been leveled Roy Moore, Richard Dreyfuss, George Takei, and Louis CK.

Perhaps the brightest silver lining is the extraordinary speed with which Kevin Spacey succeeded in destroying his own career.  It’s reassuring to know that there are still forms of behavior sufficiently deviant to evoke universal condemnation.

In most cases, the alleged perpetrators have either fired back with furious rebuttals or dissembled with transparent evasions.  Sadly but unsurprisingly, they remain unrepentant despite multitudinous plaintiffs or even their own court settlements.

Given the venal culture of both Washington and Hollywood, many of us are eager to believe every indictment and highly skeptical of the denials.  But not all of us.

THE DARKER SIDE OF THE DARK SIDE

What effect do these scandals have on our culture?  As with so many things, there’s good and there’s bad.  The real question is:  which outweighs the other?

On the positive side, when predators see that society will expose them and hold them accountable for their actions, the safer all potential victims become.  On the other hand, the more such incidents are reported, the more degenerate behavior appears to become the norm.  The result, perversely, could be to destigmatize and even enable similar behavior.

Then there is the sheer number of accusers.  With so many plaintiffs, it’s hard not to wonder if some might be opportunists, simply piling on to genuine claims in hope of cashing in on the misfortunes of others.  The frequency of such claims also increases the likelihood of defamation becoming a popular form of harassment itself, with baseless accusation converted into a weapon for character assassination.

Moreover, there’s the problem of exaggeration, of innocuous episodes unreasonably magnified.  To wit, when former President George H. W. Bush – 93 years old and no longer fully in command of his faculties – pats a woman on her backside, this does not rise to level of abuses currently dominating the news cycles.  We do real victims a disservice when lurid headlines paint every indiscretion with the same brush.

LESS THAN CHARMING

Depravity is bad enough.  But the preponderance of charges, the kneejerk denials, and the moral equivalence of the petty and the abhorrent – these form a caustic trifecta of venality that sows cynicism all across the social landscape.  With tragic irony, we can become so disgusted that we no longer care.

King Solomon says, If the snake bites because it was not charmed, there is no benefit to the charmer’s art.

How easily we convince ourselves that whatever we want is ours for the taking, that with craft and persuasion we can win anything we desire with no concern for risks and consequences.  And when we overreach and fall victim to our own devices, the venomous destruction we let loose not only endangers us but all around us as well.  In our arrogance we free the viper from its pit, and no one knows where it will strike.

Most of us will never come close to committing acts as horrific as those that fill the headlines.  But without positive action, the persistence of such stories can erode our own commitment to ethics and set our own moral compass spinning in all directions.

So how do we protect ourselves?  First, by taking responsibility for even the smallest of our own actions.  Second, by refusing to excuse the misdeeds of others – regardless of station or alliance – and, simultaneously, refusing to accept unsubstantiated accusations until all the evidence is in.

To see that all people are treated with the respect they deserve, to always rise to the defense of the defenseless, to hold ourselves and all others to a higher standard of personal conduct – this is the formula for a healthy, respectful, and civil society.

Published in Jewish World Review

 

Confronting the Credibility Crisis

Hillary Clinton has been called a lot of things.  But branding her the “cancer” of the Democratic Party ratchets the vitriol up to a new level.

More significant is who’s doing the name-calling.  When Donna Brazile, Former Democratic National Committee Chair and longtime party stalwart, launches an internecine assault worthy of Donald Trump, it’s hard not to take notice.

Robby Mook certainly noticed. “Her claims are laughable,” the former Clinton campaign manager told Anderson Cooper.  But Elizabeth Warren wasn’t laughing.  Instead, the Massachusetts Senator invoked Ms. Brazile’s account of Clintonian malfeasance as evidence that the Democratic primary had been “rigged.”

So what are we to believe?  Mrs. Clinton has been getting away with moral murder for years.  Are the party faithful finally drawing a line?  Or is Ms. Brazile merely trying to sell books while Senator Warren postures for the 2020 election?

Time may tell.  But in the meantime, the undeniable victim is credibility.

TOO MANY CROOKS

There was a time when hustlers and lawbreakers would abandon their denials once evidence of wrongdoing grew overwhelming and indisputable.  But today’s culture of fake news and fake outrage has spawned a limitless capacity for brazenness.

I am not a crook.  I did not have sex with that woman.  If you like your doctor, you can keep your doctor.  I remember landing under sniper fire.  The Art of the Deal is the number one selling business book of all time.

Even the investigators of corruption fall under suspicion.  Robert Mueller, the special counsel looking into Russian election tampering, has himself been implicated in the scandal he is charged with investigating.  Mr. Mueller arrived on the scene with bipartisan plaudits for his character and integrity.  Now we aren’t sure if we can believe that, either.

You would think in an age like ours, when every word and deed appears instantaneously as part of the public record, that public figures would be exercise more caution in what they do and say.  Instead, they seem to care less than ever.

It’s not hard to understand why.  Mainstream news outlets largely ignore stories inconsistent with their political ideologies.  News consumers visit only those outlets that provide stories confirming their political biases.  And the epidemic of inaccuracy leaves us so jaded that we feel justified believing whatever we want about anyone we choose.

The crisis of confidence in our political system is reason enough for dismay.  But there’s an even more profound cause for alarm – the corrosive effect of cynicism on our collective conscience and moral clarity.

LEMMING MENTALITY SYNDROME

There may be no more malignant phrase in the English language than everyone does it.  Our parents didn’t tolerate hearing it from us, and as responsible parents we refuse to tolerate it from our children.  But anything that is repeated enough plants itself in our consciousness, where it insidiously takes root and refuses to let go.

All the more so when the media bombard us with evidence that we can’t trust our leaders, can’t trust our icons, can’t trust the spokesmen for moral values to uphold the values they espouse.  And if the people I’m supposed to look up to act without scruples, why should I worry about how I look in the eyes of others?

The solution, therefore, is relatively straightforward:  start looking in a different direction.

In the first verse of his first psalm, King David writes:  Fortunate is the one who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, does not stand in the path of misguided people, and does not sit in the company of cynics.

The more we associate with those who reject ethical values, the more automatically we adopt their ways.  The more we expose ourselves to the influence of those who embrace moral relativism, the more we disable our own moral compass.  The more we keep company with those who view everything and everyone in a negative light, the more we grow convinced that there is no reason to hold ourselves to a higher standard.

But if we remove ourselves from corrupting influences by seeking out company and counsel from people of integrity, and by searching out the good instead of fixating on the bad – then we will find ourselves drawn steadily upward, and we will begin to draw those around us upward as well.

Published by Jewish World Review

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Reflexive Dishonesty

Michael Flynn is back in the news, now that Special Counsel Robert Mueller is pushing for further indictments as he probes into Russian election tampering.

But this isn’t about Russia.

When the story first broke nearly a year ago, columnist Charles Krauthammer called it a cover-up in search of a crime. Mr. Flynn, only a month into his term as Secretary of State, was forced to resign after he lied about communicating with the Russian government before officially assuming his cabinet post.

Sensationalist headlines and partisan posturing aside, months went by with no evidence of actual wrongdoing. It appeared to be just a little pre-game warmup to help grease the diplomatic wheels for later on.

So the obvious question at the time was:

Why did Michael Flynn lie?

There appeared to be three possibilities:

Click to read the rest.

Are you telling the truth?

As fake news becomes the new normal, I’m revisiting these thoughts from 2010.

12d8aa967e8ef907e5f1f4932db629feAfter circling the globe one and a half times, living for nine years in Israel and one year in Hungary, and teaching adolescents for over two decades, it’s only natural that I have more than a few stories to tell. So it never fails to discomfit me when friends or neighbors respond to my essays by asking:

“Did that really happen?”

Are my anecdotes so truly unbelievable? After all, I never claimed to have flown to the moon on gossamer wings, to have crossed the Alps with Hannibal by elephant, or to have led the attack against Custer’s army at Little Big Horn. No, I’ve merely plucked useful insights from slightly quirky encounters in an attempt to uncover the wisdom that resides within myriad aspects of the human condition.

And so I’ve penned essays about my white fedora, which fellow travelers reported noticing as our paths crisscrossed throughout Europe; about the Israeli gentlemen who rebuked me in an elevator for wearing an earring while sporting tzitzis, the fringed tassels worn over the belt line according to Jewish custom; and about the ragged man who stopped in his tracks on the streets of Budapest, apparently overwhelmed and overjoyed to discover a religious Jew having survived the travails of the Holocaust and assimilation; these, together with assorted episodes from my high school class room.

“I loved your article,” an acquaintance will say. And then, with alarming frequency: “Did that really happen?”

I even get it from my mother.

To be honest, I can’t say that I’m surprised. After all, narrative accuracy has seen its market value tumble over the years. As candidate for president, John Kerry described how Christmas in Cambodia was “seared in his memory.” A stirring narrative, aside from the fact that he wasn’t actually there. In the Democratic primary four years later, Hillary Clinton reported that her parents had named her in honor of Sir Edmund Hillary — an impressive feat of prescience, since Sir Edmund had not conquered Mount Everest until five years after Ms. Clinton was born and named. Even Ronald Reagan, although never caught embellishing his own history, nevertheless brought tears to the eyes of his audiences with poignant war stories that turned out to be scenes from old movies.

Popular motion pictures that are “based on” or “inspired by” true stories often undergo such embellishment that they emerge bearing little resemblance to the events they claim to portray. Tonight Show host Jay Leno, in his autobiography, reportedly included anecdotes that actually happened to other people.  Mr. Leno explained that he had permission to use one story, and that he had paid for the right to use the other.

As in so many cases, the biblical injunction against speaking untruths extends far beyond the simple meaning of the words. The verse MiDavar sheker tirchak translates, simultaneously, as “Distance yourself from a false word” and as “Distance yourself from a false thing.”  Jewish philosophy teaches that words are not mere symbols or labels; they possess a substance and a reality all their own. Consider how a cruel word can inflict more pain than a sharp blow between the eyes, or how a well-placed compliment can produce more pleasure than the sweetest dessert.

When does a word or a thing become false? In principle, the slightest embellishment or exaggeration constitutes a violation of Jewish values, if not Jewish law. If one is uncertain about the details of a story, it is easy enough to add “I think” or “something like” to the narrative. That small concession to veracity helps us preserve our respect for the lines between truth and falsehood — lines that grow increasingly blurred in a society descending ever deeper into moral confusion.

the-truth-shall-set-you-freeThe Hebrew word emes, commonly translated as truth, is formed by the three letters that come, in sequence, at the very beginning, the precise middle, and the very end of the Hebrew alphabet. Before we can be certain that anything is true, we must have a sufficiently broad perspective; we must have all the information, accurately and in context; and we must have a clear understanding of the propriety of revealing that information and the consequences of doing so. Only then is it emes.

Consequently, sometimes even absolute truth may be considered false. In the case of malicious gossip, the accuracy of the information may result in harm even worse than slander by damaging relationships that would have been secure against rumor or innuendo. Similarly, details taken out of context, although factual, often imply conclusions that have no bearing on reality. They may be true, but they are not emes.

The distinction between words that are true and words that are emes easily leads us onto thin moral ice. What about “white lies” intended to spare the feelings of others, or “harmless” untruths meant to warm another person’s heart?

At first glance, Jewish tradition seems to endorse such ideas. The sages teach that Aaron, the High Priest, upon discovering that two friends had come to quarrel, ran back and forth reporting to each how sorry the other was and how desperately he longed for reconciliation, until the two parties resolved their dispute and became friends once again. The same sages tell us to always call a bride beautiful, no matter what she actually looks like.

But is it not true that true friends, divided by conflict, miss the relationship they once had and mourn their lost friendship? Is it not similarly true that every bride glows with an inner beauty projected at the moment of her greatest joy, and that she is truly beautiful in the eyes of her bridegroom? If so, is it not also true that the sages were offering us a profound lesson in how to interpret human nature?

Indeed, even if there may be cases that require us to speak some literal untruth to protect another person’s physical, mental, or spiritual welfare, such cases are few and far between. If we are honest with ourselves, we will concede that most of us will have rare occasion to bend or break the truth.

Perhaps, if we all exert more effort to ensure that all our words are words of emes, we will not find ourselves suspicious of those stories of little miracles and inspirational irony that can make our eyes sparkle and our hearts swell. And if a more profound commitment to honesty helps us become less cynical and more easily inspired, then what do we really have to lose?

What are Ethics? Part 9: When the means sacrifice the ends

Dr. John Bates made headlines early this year when he accused his former boss, Thomas Karl of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, of knowingly misrepresenting data to influence government policy on global warming.

Predictably, climate change skeptics railed against the corruption of the scientific community while climate change advocates charged Dr. Bates with exaggerating his claims.

Just for the sake of argument, let’s assume that the charges are true.  If so, it’s likely that Dr. Karl was motivated by the purest intentions, that he wanted to spur action to prevent the devastating effects of global warming, and that he believed that the data represented an anomaly rather than a larger global trend.

If all of that were actually true, would he have then been correct to doctor the facts for the greater good?

Click here to read the rest.

Baby for Sale

“Are you my brother’s keeper?”

That’s what Baby Liu might have asked his parents, had he been old enough to talk.  To be sure, the imbroglio surrounding the brother who was not his brother provided ample cause for ethical outrage.

In April of last year, Jessica Allen became pregnant with the baby of another couple, known only to her by the pseudonym Mr. and Mrs. Liu.  The $30,000 surrogate fee Ms. Allen received would allow her to be a stay-at-home mother for her own two children.  She also liked the idea of helping another couple realize the dream of having a child themselves.

The following December, she gave birth to twins.  According to her contract, she was not allowed to hold or even see the babies.  But a cell phone picture showed the infants to be as different from one another as east and west.

For good reason.  Six weeks after becoming pregnant with the Liu’s baby, Ms. Allen became pregnant with a baby of her own.

SADDER THAN FICTION

The phenomenon called superfetation is so rare that only about ten cases appear in all of medical literature.  So rare, in fact, that reports of it are often dismissed by doctors out-of-hand.  But in this case, the evidence of the two babies’ differing appearance was incontestable.

What might have been a fascinating human interest story soon turned into something much darker.  The Lius relinquished Jessica Allen’s biological baby to Omega Family Global, the agency that brokered the deal.  That should have been that.

But it wasn’t.  According to the Washington Post, Omega informed Ms. Allen that the Lius were demanding $22,000 in “compensation.”  When Jessica Allen refused, the agency threatened to put the baby up for adoption.

Omega Family Global denies Jessica Allen’s account, but declined to provide the Post with details.  It’s almost incomprehensible that any person or company would demand money to reunite biological parents with their own child.  However, given the preponderance of horrific headlines, this story rings sad but true.

UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES

Advances in technology and medicine have produced true miracles for parents who might have remained forever childless but can now enjoy the blessing of family.  My own granddaughter is one such miracle, so I am hardly anti-science.

But every advance comes at some cost, especially when there’s profit to be made.  The debate over ownership, rights, and entitlements when applied to humanity itself debases the sanctity of life by reducing it to just another commodity.  By playing G-d, we risk depriving the world of G-dliness.

The words of King Solomon echo like a haunting prophecy: “Do not remove the boundaries of eternity, and do not trespass into the fields of the fatherless.”

Electric lighting enables us to eliminate the natural boundaries of day and night.  Air travel and communication shrink global distances to nothing.  Recording devices suspend the limits of time.  Genetics and medicine have redefined and reimagined life itself.

It’s no surprise that moral and ethical boundaries have become profoundly blurred, and that the erosion of our fathers’ values has left us ethical orphans.  If the laws of the physical universe are flexible, why not the laws of right and wrong as well?  Albert Einstein himself agonized that his theory of relativity would give rise to moral relativism.  In that he was as prophetic as Solomon.

The answer is not to turn back the clock and return to simpler times.  The genie is out of the bottle, and all we can do is exercise greater caution in what we wish for.

It’s a daunting challenge, to balance traditional values and social evolution.  The most reliable course is to first consider the cost of any action to others before we calculate the potential profit to ourselves.  This is true in our personal lives, our professional lives, and throughout our communities.

After all, aren’t we all our brothers’ keepers?

In this case, the story ended well for Jessica Allen’s baby who, after a bout of tense legal wrangling, returned to his parents loving arms.

Isn’t that where every baby belongs?

Published in Jewish World Review